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References used on this site

Please note that the reference is linked to the associated species account, where applicable.


Adkisson, C. S. 1996. Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/256

Visit our Species Account for  Loxia curvirostra

Adkisson, C. S. 1999. Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/456

Visit our Species Account for  Pinicola enucleator

Alldredge, M. W., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock 2007. Factors affecting aural detections of songbirds, Ecological Applications, 17:948–955.

Altman, B., and R. Sallabanks. 2000. Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/502

Visit our Species Account for  Contopus cooperi

Ammon, E. M. 1995. Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/191

Visit our Species Account for  Melospiza lincolnii

Ammon, E. M., and W. M. Gilbert. 1999. Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/478

Visit our Species Account for  Cardellina pusilla

Arecese, P., M. K. Sogge, A. B. Marr, and M. A. Patten. 2002. Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia), The Birds of North America, No. 704. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Melospiza melodia

Ashenhurst, A. R., and S. J. Hannon. 2008. Effects of seismic lines on the abundance of breeding birds in Kendall Island Bird Sanctuary, Northwest Territories, Canada, Arctic, 61(2):190-198.

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella arborea

Avery, M. L. 1995. Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.cornell.edu/bna/species/200

Visit our Species Account for  Euphagus carolinus

Baltz, M. E., and S. C. Latta. 1998. Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina), The Birds of North America, No. 332. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga tigrina

Bayne, E., P. Sólymos, S. Cumming, S. Matsuoka, D. Stralberg, S. Song, & F. Schmiegelow 0. Model-based approaches for adjusting point-count surveys for variation in count duration, Auk. In revision, .

Bemis, C., and J. D. Rising. 1999. Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/451

Visit our Species Account for  Contopus sordidulus

Benkman, C. W. 1992. White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/027

Visit our Species Account for  Loxia leucoptera

Bevier, L., A. F. Poole, and W. Moskoff. 2004. Verry (Catharus fuscescens), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/BNA/account/Veery/.

Visit our Species Account for  Catharus fuscescens

Boarman, W. I., and B. Heinrich. 1999. Common Raven (Corvus corax), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/476

Visit our Species Account for  Corvus corax

Bowen, R. V. 1997. Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/269

Visit our Species Account for  Myadestes townsendi

Brandt, J.P. 2009. The extent of the North American boreal zone, Environmental Reviews, 17:101-106.

Buckland, S. T., D. R. Anderson, K. P. Burnham, J. L. Laake, D. L. Borchers, and L. Thomas 2001. Introduction to Distance Sampling: Estimating Abundance of Biological Populations., , . Oxford University Press, New York

Burke, D. M., and E. Nol. 2000. Landscape and fragment size effects on reproductive success of forest-breeding birds in Ontario, Ecological Applications, 10(6):1749-1761.

Visit our Species Account for  Pheucticus ludovicianus

Chilton, G., M. C. Baker, C. D. Barrentine, and M. A. Cunningham. 1995. White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/183

Visit our Species Account for  Zonotrichia leucophrys

Cimprich, D. A., and F. R. Moore. 1995. Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/167

Visit our Species Account for  Dumetella carolinensis

Cimprich, D. A., F. R. Moore, and M.P. Guilfoyle. 2000. Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus), The Birds of North America, No. 527. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Vireo olivaceus

Conway, C. J. 1999. Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis), The Birds of North America, No. 421. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Cardellina canadensis

Cosco, J.A. 2011. Common Attribute Schema (CAS) for Forest Inventories Across Canada, Chief Inventory Forester, Timberline Natural Resource Group for Boreal Avian Modelling Project and Canadian BEACONs Project. http://www.borealbirds.ca/files/CAS_Document_Final_Mar_2010_ALL_APPENDICES.pdf (~1 Mb), .

COSEWIC. 2007. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi in Canada, , . Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 25 pp. www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm

Visit our Species Account for  Contopus cooperi

Daly, C., W. P. Gibson, G. H. Taylor, G. L. Johnson, and P. Pasteris 2002. A knowledge-based approach to the statistical mapping of climate, Climate Research, 22:99-113.

Dauwe, T., L. Bervoets, R. Blust, R. Pinxten, and M. Eens. 2000. Can excrement and feathers of nestling songbirds be used as biomonitors for heavy metal pollution?, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 39:541-546.

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella arborea

Dawson, W. R. 1997. Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus), The Birds of North America, No. 280. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Spinus pinus

Eaton, S. W. 1995. Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/182

Visit our Species Account for  Parkesia noveboracensis

Efford, M. G., and D. K. Dawson 2009. Effect of distance-related heterogeneity on population size estimates from point counts, Auk, 126:100-111.

Elith, J., C. H. Graham, R. P. Anderson, M. Dudik, S. Ferrier, A. Guisan, R. J. Hijmans, F. Huettman 2006. Novel methods improve prediction of species' distributions from occurrence data, Ecography, 29:129-151.

Erskine, A. J. 1977. Birds in boreal Canada: communities, densities, and adaptations, Canadian Wildlife Service Report, 41. Ottawa, Canada

Falls, J. B., and J. G. Kopachena. 1994. White-throated Sparrow (Zonatrichia albicollis), The Birds of North America, No. 128. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Zonotrichia albicollis

Farnsworth, G. L., K. H. Pollock, J. D. Nichols, T. R. Simons, J. E. Hines, and J. R. Sauer 2002. A removal model for estimating detection probabilities from point count surveys, Auk, 119:414–425.

Ficken, M. S., M. A. Mclaren, and J. P. Hailman. 1996. Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonica), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/254

Visit our Species Account for  Poecile hudsonicus

Fielding, A. H. and J. F. Bell 1997. A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors in conservation presence/absence models, Environmental Conservation, 24:38-49.

Foote, J. R., L. P. Fitzsimmons, D. J. Mennill, and L. M. Ratcliffe. 2008. Tied to the nest: male black-capped chickadees decrease dawn chorus movement behaviour when their mate is fertile, Animal Behaviour, 76:1227-1233.

Visit our Species Account for  Poecile atricapillus

Fort, K. T., and K. A. Otter. 2004. Effects of habitat disturbance on reproduction in Black-capped Chickadees (Poecile atricapills) in northwestern British Columbia, The Auk, 121(4):1070-1080.

Gardali, T., and G. Ballard. 2000. Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/551

Visit our Species Account for  Vireo gilvus

George, T. L. 2000. Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/541

Visit our Species Account for  Ixoreus naevius

Ghalambor, C. K., and T. E. Martin. 1999. Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/459

Visit our Species Account for  Sitta canadensis

Gill, F. B., R. A. Canterbury, and J. L. Confer. 2001. Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/584

Visit our Species Account for  Vermivora cyanoptera

Gillihan, S. W., and B. Byers. 2001. Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes verspertinus), The Birds of North America, No. 300. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Coccothraustes vespertinus

Giroux, W., P. Blanchette, J. Bourgeois, and G. Cabana. 2007. Ruffed Grouse brood habitat use in mixed softwood-harwood nordic-temperate forests, Quebec, Canada, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(1):87-95.

Visit our Species Account for  Bonasa umbellus

Gross, D. A., and P. E. Lowther. 2001. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/566

Visit our Species Account for  Empidonax flaviventris

Grubb, Jr., T. C. and V. V. Pravosudov. 2008. White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/054

Visit our Species Account for  Sitta carolinensis

Guzy, M. J., and G. Ritchison. 1999. Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas), The Birds of North America, No. 448. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Geothlypis trichas

Hadley, A., and A. Desrochers. 2008. Winter habitat use by boreal chickadee flocks in a managed forest, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 120(1):139-145.

Visit our Species Account for  Poecile hudsonicus

Hall, G. A. 1994. Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia), The Birds of North America, No. 136. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga magnolia

Hejl, S. J., J. A. Holmes, and D. E. Kroodsma. 2002. Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/623

Visit our Species Account for  Troglodytes hiemalis

Hejl, S. J., K. R. Newlon, M. E. McFadzen, J. S. Young, and C. K. Ghalambor. 2002. Brown Creeper (Certhia americana), The Birds of North America, No. 669. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Certhia americana

Herkert, J. R., D. E. Kroodsma and J. P. Gibbs. 2001. Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/582

Visit our Species Account for  Cistothorus platensis

Hijmans, R. J., S. E. Cameron, J. L. Parra, P. G. Jones, and A. Jarvis. 2005. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas, International Journal of Climatology, 25:1965-1978.

Holmes, R. T., N. L. Rodenhouse, and T. S. Sillett. 2005. Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/087

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga caerulescens

Hosmer, D. W. and S. Lemeshow 1989. Applied logistic regression, John Wiley and Sons, New York, .

Hosmer, D.W. and J.F. Bell 1989. Applied logistic regression, John Wiley and Sons, New York, .

Hudon, J. 1999. Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/432

Visit our Species Account for  Piranga ludoviciana

Hunt, P. D., and B. C. Eliason. 1999. Blackpoll Warbler ( Dendroica striata), The Birds of North America, No. 431. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga striata

Hunt, P. D., and D. J. Flaspohler. 1998. Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/376.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga coronata

Ingold, J. L., and R. Galati. 1997. Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/301

Visit our Species Account for  Regulus satrapa

James, R. D. 1998. Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/379

Visit our Species Account for  Vireo solitarius

Johnson, L. S. 1998. House Wren (Troglodytes aedon), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/380

Visit our Species Account for  Troglodytes aedon

Jones, P. W., and T. M. Donovan. 1996. Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/261

Visit our Species Account for  Catharus guttatus

Jones, S. L., and J. E. Cornely. 2002. Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/624

Visit our Species Account for  Pooecetes gramineus

Knapton, R. W. 1994. Clay-coloured Sparrow (Spizella pallida), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/120

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella pallida

Knox, A. G., and P. E. Lowther. 2000. Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/543

Visit our Species Account for  Acanthis flammea

Koch, I., J. V. Mace, and K. J. Reimer. 2005. Arsenic speciation in terrestrial birds from Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada: The unexpected finding of Arsenobetaine, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(6):1468-1474.

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella arborea

Koenig, W. D., and J. M. H. Knops. 2001. Seed-crop size and eruptions of North American boreal seed-eating birds, Journal of Animal Ecology, 70:609-620.

Kricher, J. C. 1995. Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia), The Birds of North America, No.158. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Mniotilta varia

Kroodsma, D. E., and J. Verner. 1997. Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/308

Visit our Species Account for  Cistothorus palustris

Lanyon, W. E. 1997. Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus), The Birds of North America, No. 300. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Myiarchus crinitus

Lowther, P. E. 1993. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater), The Birds of North America, No. 47. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Molothrus ater

Lowther, P. E. 1999. Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/446

Visit our Species Account for  Empidonax alnorum

Lowther, P. E. 2005. Le Conte's Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/224

Visit our Species Account for  Ammodramus leconteii

Lowther, P. E., C. C. Rimmer, B. Kessel, S. L. Johnson and W. G. Ellison. 2001. Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/591

Visit our Species Account for  Catharus minimus

Lowther, P. E., C. Celada, N. K. Klein, C. C. Rimmer, and D. A. Spector. 1999. Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/454.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga petechia

Mack, D. E., and W. Yong. 2000. Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/540

Visit our Species Account for  Catharus ustulatus

Manly, B. F. J. 1993. Resource Selection by Animals: Statistical Design and Analysis for Field Studies, , . Chapman and Hall, London

Matsuoka, S. M., E. M. Bayne, P. Sólymos, P. C. Fontaine, S. G. Cumming, F. K. A. Schmiegelow, and S 0. Using binomial distance-sampling models to estimate the effective detection radius of point-count surveys across boreal Canada, Auk (in press), .

Matsuoka, S. M., P. Sólymos, T. Fontaine, and E. Bayne 2011. Roadside surveys of boreal forest birds: how representative are they and how can we improve current sampling? Unpublished report to Environment Canada, , .

McCarty, J. P. 1996. Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens), The Birds of North America, No. 245. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Contopus virens

Mennill, D. J., S. M. Doucet, R. Montgomerie, and L. M. Ratcliffe. 2003. Achromatic color variation in black-capped chickadees, Poecile atricapilla: black and white signals of sex and rank, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 53:350-357.

Middleton, A. L. 1993. American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/080

Visit our Species Account for  Spinus tristis

Middleton, A. L. 1998. Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/334

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella passerina

Mirarchi, R. E., and T. S. Baskett. 1994. Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura), The Birds of North America, No. 117. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Zenaida macroura

Morse, D. H. 2004. Blackburnian Warbler ( Dendroica fusca), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/102

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga fusca

Morse, D. H., and A. F. Poole. 2005. Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/055

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga virens

Moskoff, W., and S. K. Robinson. 1996. Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/214

Visit our Species Account for  Vireo philadelphicus

Mowbray, T. B. 1997. Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/279

Visit our Species Account for  Melospiza georgiana

Mowbray, T. B. 1999. Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/479

Visit our Species Account for  Piranga olivacea

Murphy, M. T. 1996. Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/253

Visit our Species Account for  Tyrannus tyrannus

Naugler, C. T. 1993. American Tree Sparrow (Spizella arborea), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/037

Visit our Species Account for  Spizella arborea

Nolan, Jr., V., E. D. Ketterson, D. A. Cristol, C. M. Rogers, E. D. Clotfelter, R. C. Titus, S. J. S 2002. Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/716

Visit our Species Account for  Junco hyemalis

Norris, A. R., and K. Martin. 2008. Mountain pine beetle presence affects nest patch choice of Red-breasted Nuthatches, Journal of Wildlife Management, 73(3):733-737.

Visit our Species Account for  Sitta canadensis

Partners in Flight 2007. Partners in Flight Landbird Population Estimates Database, , . version 2004. [Online]. Available at http://www.rmbo.org/pif_db/laped/default.aspx.

Peer, B. D., and E. K. Bollinger. 1997. Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/271

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Phillips, S. J. and M. Dudik 2008. Modeling of species distributions with Maxent: new extensions and a comprehensive evaluation, Ecography, 31:161-175.

Phillips, S. J., M. Dudik, J. Elith, C. H. Graham, A. Lehmann, J. Leathwick, and S. Ferrier. 2009. Sample selection bias and presence-only distribution models: implications for background and pseudo-absence data, Ecological Applications, 19:181-197.

Phillips, S. J., R. P. Anderson, and R. E. Schapire 2006. Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions, Ecological Modelling, 190:231-259.

Pitocchelli, J. 1993. Mourning Warbler (Oporornis philadelphia), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/072

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Pitocchelli, J. 1995. MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/159

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Pitocchelli, J., J. Bouchie, and D. Jones. 1997. Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis), The Birds of North America, No. 320. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

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Ralph, C. J., S. Droege, and J. R. Sauer 1995. Managing and monitoring birds using point counts: standards and applications., Pages 161-169 in Monitoring Bird Populations by Point Counts (C. J. Ralph, J. R. Sauer, and S. Droege, Eds.). U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-149., .

Richardson, M., and D. W. Brauning. 1995. Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica), The Birds of North America, No. 190. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga pensylvanica

Rimmer, C. C., and K. P. McFarland. 1998. Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina), The Birds of North America, No. 350. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Oreothlypis peregrina

Rising, J. D., and N. J. Flood. 1998. Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/384

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Rodewald, P. G., J. H. Withgott and K. G. Smith. 1999. Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/438

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Rosenberg, K. V., and P. J. Blancher 2005. Setting numerical population objectives for priority landbird species, in Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas, Pages 57-67. Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference, vol. 1 (C. J. Ralph and T. D. Rich, Eds.). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-191

Rusch, D. H., S. Destefano, M. C. Reynolds, and D. Lauten. 2000. Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/515

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Sallabanks, R., and F. C. James. 1999. American Robin (Turdus migratorius), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/462

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Schwab, C., T. Bugnyar, C. Schlogel, and K. Kotrschal. 2008. Enhanced social learning between siblings in common ravens, Corvus corax, Animal Behaviour, 75:501-508.

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Sedgwick, J. A. 1994. Hammond's Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/109

Visit our Species Account for  Empidonax hammondii

Sherry, T. W., and R. T. Holmes. 1997. American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), The Birds of North America, No. 277. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga ruticilla

Smith, S. M. 1993. Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/039

Sogge, M. K., W. M. Gilbert, and C. V. Riper III. 1994. Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata), The Birds of North America, No. 101. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Oreothlypis celata

Sólymos, P., S. M. Matsuoka, E. M. Bayne, S. R. Lele, and S. G. Cumming 0. Calibrating indices of avian density from non-standardized survey data: making the most of a messy situation, In preparation. Ecological Applications, .

Strickland, D., and H. Ouellet. 1993. Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/040

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Swanson, D. L., J. L. Ingold and G. E. Wallace. 2008. Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/119

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Tarof, S., and J. V. Briskie. 2008. Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/099

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Tarvin, K. A., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1999. Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata), The Birds of North America, No. 469. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

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Thogmartin, W. E. 2010. Sensitivity analysis of North American bird population estimates, Ecological Modelling, 173-177.

Thogmartin, W. E., F. P. Howe, F. C. James, D. H. Johnson, E. Reed, J. R. Sauer, and F. R. Thompson, 2006. A review of the population estimation approach of the North American Landbird Conservation Plan., Auk, 892-904.

Thogmartin, W. E., J. R. Sauer, and M. G. Knutson 2004. A hierarchical spatial model of avian abundance with application to Cerulean Warblers, Ecological Applications 14:1766–1779, .

Trost, C. H. 1999. Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia), The Birds of North American Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/389

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Underwood, T. J., S. G. Sealy, and C. M. McLaren. 2004. Experiments on egg discrimination in two North American corvids: further evidence for retention of egg rejection, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 82:1399-1407.

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Vallender, R., V. L. Friesen, and R. J. Robertson. 2007. Paternity and performance of golden-winged warblers (Vermivora chrysoptera) and golden-winged X blue-winged warbler (V. pinus) hybrids at the leading edge of a hybrid zone, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61:1797-1807.

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Van Horn, M. A., and T. Donovan. 1994. Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla), The Birds of North America, No. 88. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

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Verbeek, N. A., and C. Caffrey. 2002. American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/647

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Wang, T., A. Hamann, D. L. Spittlehouse, and T. Q. Murdock 2011. ClimateWNA—High-Resolution Spatial Climate Data for Western North America, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51:16-29, 51:16-29.

Webb, W. C., W. I. Boarman, and J. T. Rotenberry. 2004. Common Raven juvenile survival in a human-augmented landscape, The Condor, 106(3):517-528.

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Weckstein, J. D., D. E. Kroodsma, and R. C. Faucett. 2002. Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/BNA/account/Fox_Sparrow/.

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Weeks Jr., H. P. 1994. Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/094

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Wheelwright, N. T., and J. D. Rising. 2008. Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/045

Visit our Species Account for  Passerculus sandwichensis

Williams, J. M. 1996. Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea), The Birds of North America, No. 206. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

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Williams, J. M. 1996. Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla), The Birds of North America, No. 205. A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists's Union, Washington, D.C.

Visit our Species Account for  Oreothlypis ruficapilla

Wilson, Jr., W. H. 1996. Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/238

Visit our Species Account for  Setophaga palmarum

Witmer, M. C., D. J. Mountjoy, and L. Elliot. 1997. Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/309

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Wootton, J. T. 1996. Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/208

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Wright, A. L., G. D. Hayward, S. M. Matsuoka and P. H. Hayward. 1998. Towsend's Warbler (Dendroica townsendi), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/333

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Wyatt, V. E., and C. M. Francis. 2002. Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/692

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Yasukawa, K., and W. A. Searcy. 1995. Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus), The Birds of North America Online, . A. Poole, Ed. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/184

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Zimmerman, G. S., R. R. Horton, D. R. Dessecker, and R. J. Gutiérrez. 2008. New insight to old hypotheses: Ruffed Grouse population cycles, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 120(2):239-247.

Visit our Species Account for  Bonasa umbellus

This page last updated: Jan 24 2014